how to write an introduction?

there is a growing consensus on how to write an introduction, the three pictures below, illustrate the 3 basic moves for writing a successful introduction:






how to write a thesis introduction?

follow the following pattern.

1.1. background of the study

in this section, you need to:


- establish your research territory


- explain the importance of the area you are going to work on


- explain the general significance of your work


- report the latest research carried out on your topic in general not in detail (try to mention the most important figures and theories).


note: try to create a sense of suspension and keep your audience eager to follow the rest.

1.2. statement of the problem

in this section you need to write where the gap is? what is the real problem you are conducting a study for?

1.3. purpose of the study and research questions


you need to explain the purpose of your study and its goals. then, you need to formulate your research questions based on the way you are going to measure the variables. questions formulated with (is, are, etc.) usually lend themselves to quantitative studies. questions formulated with (how, etc.) usually lead to qualitative studies and questions formulated with (do, does) may entail a qualitative or quantitative study.

after formulating your research questions, you need to write down your hypothesis (null or directional) based on the literature you have already reviewed. remember that if your study is a qualitative one, you do not need to write down a hypothesis, since you are not aware of the possible findings in the future.

1.4. significance of the study

you need to write about the implications and applications of your study and explain why you think your research is going to be significant.

1.5. definition of key terms

in this section, you need to write down the operationalized definition of key terms, and not the theoretical definitions. you need to specify how different key terms are defined and measured in your study.

next session we will learn about writing other sections of a thesis proposal.